Nutritionists and Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive loss of kidney function over time. The disease, which is also known as chronic renal disease, is typically diagnosed as a result of screening patients with diabetes and high blood pressure, which are both known risk factors, or those who have a family history of CKD.
The kidneys play an important role, regulating fluids and excreting waste products from the body. They are paired organs that perform such functions as the regulation of electrolytes, regulation of blood pressure, and maintenance of an acid–base balance. The kidneys are a filter for blood and remove waste that is then diverted to the bladder.
Nutritionist can help patients with CKD to slow the progression of the disease. They can implement a dietary plan for a patient that makes modifications to fit their nutritional needs. Limiting protein intake can be helpful in slowing or even reversing further progression of the disease. Nutritionists have expertise on the foods, vitamins, and supplements than can help patients suffering from CKD. They work in conjunction with doctors and other health care providers to treat CKD patients.
In recent years, professionals have begun defining CKD in five different stages. Stage 1 is the mildest form of the disease while stage 5 is the most severe. Patients at stage 5 have poor life expectancy without medical treatment. The loss of protein in the urine indicates a worsening of renal function. Nutritionists can help CKD patients limit their protein intake while maintaining a healthy diet.